Nutrition

gym jewellery cj banner lower horizontal 1-1-b.jpg

Nutritional based articles straight from cutandjacked.com's specialist writers 

Posted 21 July 2014 by Georgia B. Simmons

Whatever You Do


Don’t Call Me Fat

27b17d617c54188a1e45a95a5dc4704c_0.jpg

“Whatever You Do, Don’t Call Me Fat” – The Disordered Eating In Fitness

An increasing number of fitness professionals, including personal trainers, nutritionists and sponsored athletes are starting to display worrying trends when it comes to their attitudes towards food. Many are suffering from food aversion and dietary obsession, including starving, purging and binging, as well as introversion and the withdrawal from social situations where food consumption may play a role.

One of the key contributing factors to the onset of eating pathology and mental health disorders is the individuals’ dissatisfaction with the perception of their own body.

Clinical research has shown that the drivers which contribute towards our body image perception are: peer appearance, conversations and criticism, internalisation of appearance ideals, and our own height and weight[ii].

In the fitness industry we are bombarded with images of scantily clad, muscular competitors from both male and female gender every time we turn on our computers or our phones. Pictures, videos, snap chats, instagram, twitter feeds and facebook news bulletins are all bristling with toned, tanned and tight, photo-shopped depictions of the people that we are all striving to be. Or even worse, pictures of ourselves in stage condition when the current us is 5kg over that weight, feeling like a shadow of our former ‘perfect’ self.

Recent studies highlighted that the majority of research into disordered eating has centred on the drive for thinness, which is most commonly observed in girls and women[iii], so have we as a society inadvertently pigeonholed eating disorders as only being applicable if the subject looks like they are about to die?

40781099f4ce1aa21cd18b3e3357221b.jpg

Studies into normal anorexia sufferers found that the influence of the media portrayal of idealized mainstream female bodies in women's fashion magazines found that women overestimated their own perceived “fatness” further after they had seen pictures of runway models, as opposed to when they saw photographs of neutral objects[iv].

However, if it was the case that runway model images invoked an emotional response in fitness athletes, then these athletes would be motivated by the drive for thinness not the drive for muscularity?

A study found that social standards dictate that male attractiveness is measured in muscularity, not thinness, and thus those males seeking to attain muscularity and perceiving to have not achieved this aesthetic were far more likely to display disordered eating and signs of depression[v].

It is therefore the likely and probable result of the public and social swing in female idealism, shifting from runway-model thin to an almost impossible image of healthy, lean and shredded female muscularity that has played a part in the rise of a new sort of fitness related eating disorder, created by images of our fitness peers.

f3df33d9416f9f7b179dba4208aeebdb_0.jpg

There is also a subtle but crucial differentiation which has been identified between bodyweight dissatisfaction and muscularity dissatisfaction. Muscularity dissatisfaction has been found to be more prevalent among men who frequently engage in muscle-building or fitness related conversations and when the bodyfat percentage is lower. Females or males with a higher bodyfat % reading are less likely to be dissatisfied with their musculature and are more likely to be concerned with bodyweight and bodyfat issues[vi].
Interestingly what we may find is that as bodyweight drops through disordered eating or purging; competitors will shift from bodyweight dissatisfaction to muscular size dissatisfaction and back again as they bulk to attempt to gain muscle.

Strangely, most female fitness competitors all display a desire to be bigger, more muscular and more defined – this is in stark contrast to medical research into classic eating disorders – for example in a study by Silberstein et al, they found that only 4.4% of the women they studied wanted to become bigger compared with 46.8% of the men.
This suggests that female fitness competitors are more likely to have disordered eating that relates to their bodyfat but that allows for the retention of muscle – this is backed up by studies showing that those who exercise with weights or in bodybuilding are a subpopulation at greatly increased risk of developing eating disorders[vii].

Overall the competitive fitness population seems to be overly concerned with food, overly concerned with weight, body fat and muscularity and is a western phenomena perpetuated by the pursuit of the perfect body – the fitness societies and federations encourage and reward the pursuit of the perfect body because it is an ideal that symbolizes the attainment of numerous personal virtues and achievements.

To summarise: Are fitness competitors becoming the unrecognised victims of wide-spread disordered eating and depression caused by body dissatisfaction?

Written by: Georgia B Simmons

REFERENCES: [i] Journal of Youth and Adolescence January 2011, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 59-71, ‘Body Dissatisfaction Among Adolescent Boys and Girls: The Effects of Body Mass, Peer Appearance Culture and Internalization of Appearance Ideals’, Margaret Lawler, Elizabeth Nixon  [ii] Margaret Lawler, Elizabeth Nixon  [iii] Journal of American College Health, Volume 48, Issue 6, 2000 , ‘An Exploration of the Drive for Muscularity in Adolescent Boys and Girls’, Donald R. McCreary PhD & Doris K. Sasse PhD  [iv] The British Journal of Psychiatry (1993) 162: 837-840, ‘Media influences on body size estimation in anorexia and bulimia. An experimental study’, K Hamilton , G Waller  [v] Donald R. McCreary PhD & Doris K. Sasse PhD  [vi] Journal of Youth and Adolescence, December 2005, Volume 34, Issue 6, pp 629-636, ‘Adolescent Boys and Body Image: Weight and Muscularity Concerns as Dual Pathways to Body Dissatisfaction’, Diane Carlson Jones, Joy K. Crawford  [vii] Franco et al (1988)  [viii] Brownell, K. D. (1991). Dieting and the search for the perfect body: Where physiology and culture collide. Behaviour Therapy, 22, 1–12.

Posted 08 July 2014 by The Diet Kitchen

Video Recipe: Quest Style Bar


- Cinnamon Roll

Video Recipe: Quest Style Bar

A quick and easy video recipe for Quest Style Bar Recipe – Cinnamon Roll

cinnamon roll sc1.jpg

 

Ingredients: 

- 55g Vitafiber Syrup, Get it here: UK: http://bit.ly/1hWiFbS  - Rest of the World: http://bit.ly/1iZvtzc
- 1/4tsp Cinnamon
- 30g of Whey protein

Macros per bar:

Calories: 206kcal
Protein: 24g
Carbs: 23g
Fats: 2g
Fiber: 19g

Simon’s Channel: www.youtube.com/user/thedietkitchen

Posted 03 June 2014 by Maggie Corso

Recipe:


Protein Souffles

Recipe: Protein Souffles

d59cc3fefac4123e9417bba80dedbc12.jpg

Ingredients

  • 2 Cups Liquid Eggwhites
  • 1 Whole Egg
  • 1 Scoop Chocolate IsoFast

Directions:

  •  Blend well and pour into a well sprayed large 6ct muffin tray. 
  • Bake at 400 degrees Fahrenheit for about 20 minutes.

recipe_maggie corso.jpg

Stats:

6 Soufflés equal:

  • 434 Calories
  • 83g protein
  • 8g Carbohydrates
  • 5g Fat

 

Posted 05 May 2014 by Sarah Smith

Recipe: Raw Chocolate


Fudge Brownies

Recipe: Raw chocolate fudge brownies

e77f14eee7019ce5dac8c2660044d78a.jpg

Ingredients

  • 150g/1 cup almonds (you could use a mixer of almonds, pecans and walnuts too)
  • 30g/Quarter of a cup of cocoa powder and another 60g/half a cup of cocoa powder
  • 3 tbsp water
  • 4 tbsp shredded coconut
  • 150g/1 cup of pitted dates
  • 4 tbsp honey
  • 1 tbsp orange essence or juice from an orange (you could use mint or any other flavour you like or you could leave it out altogether
  • 4 tbsp almond butter/nut butter of your choice
  • 2 bananas

Directions:

  • Put the almonds, 30g/quarter of a cup of cocoa, coconut and dates in a food processor and process until it forms a crumb like consistency then mix in the water.
  • Tip this mixture into a brownie pan and press down with your hands so it is packed down.
  • Put the rest of the cocoa, honey, orange essence, almond butter and bananas in a food processor until smooth.
  • Spread onto the pressed crumb mix and then put it in the freezer.
  • Whenever you want a bit, take it out of the freezer and cut a piece off and put the rest back in the freezer. You can eat it straight out of the freezer if you like the brownie to be a bit harder or if you want it softer, leave it for 5-10 minutes before eating. It is delicious either way.

Nutritional Information per piece (makes 16):

  • Calories: 135
  • Carbs: 20
  • Fat: 6.5
  • Protein: 3.6

Recipe created Sarah Smith Personal Trainer & Nutrition Advisor: www.srsfitness.co.uk

Posted 01 May 2014 by The Diet Kitchen

Video Recipe: High Protein


French Toast

High Protein French Toast

A quick and easy video recipe for High Protein French Toast.

french toast scr1.jpg

 

Ingredients:

  • 30g egg whites
  • 30g almond milk
  • 30g whey
  • - 2 Slices of lowest carb bread

Macros per Batch:

Calories: 239kcal
Protein: 32g
Carbs: 18g
Fats: 3g
Fiber: 3g

Simon’s Channel: www.youtube.com/user/thedietkitchen

Posted 01 April 2014 by The Diet Kitchen

Video Recipe: Peanut Butter


Protein Banana Bread

Video recipe for Peanut Butter Protein Banana Bread

protein banana bread scr1.jpg

Ingredients:

  • 3 banana’s (roughly 300g)
  • 60g liquid egg whites
  • 100g fat free yoghurt
  • 30g Peanut Butter
  • 200g banana instant oats 
  • 60g whey protein 
  • 1tsp baking powder

Macros

Macros per 1 slice out of 10 the batter makes:

  • Calories: 158kcal
  • Protein: 10g
  • Carbs: 21g
  • Fats: 4g
  • Fiber: 3g

Simon’s Channel: www.youtube.com/user/thedietkitchen

Posted 12 March 2014 by The Diet Kitchen

Video Recipe: Roasted


Balsamic And Honey Chicken

A quick and easy video recipe for Roasted Balsamic And Honey Chicken

honey chicken scr1.jpg

)

 

Ingredients:

2tsp Honey
2tsp balsamic vinegar
1 garlic clove
basil, salt + pepper
180g chicken breast

Macros per Batch:

Calories: 250kcal
Protein: 42g
Carbs: 15g
Fats: 2g
Fiber: 0g

Simon’s Channel: www.youtube.com/user/thedietkitchen

Posted 20 February 2014 by The Diet Kitchen

Video Recipe: Cinnamon Roll


Protein Oatmeal (Proats)

Video Recipe: Cinnamon Roll Protein Oatmeal (Proats)

A quick and easy video recipe for Cinnamon Roll Protein Oatmeal (Proats)

cinnamon roll protein oatmeal scr1.jpg

Ingredients:

40g Oats
150ml Almond Milk
1/4tsp Cinnamon
25g Yoghurt
40g Whey Protein

Macros per Batch:

Calories: 344kcal
Protein: 39g
Carbs: 27g
Fats: 8g
Fiber: 4g

Simon’s Channel: www.youtube.com/user/thedietkitchen

Posted 01 February 2014 by The Diet Kitchen

Video Recipe: High Protein


Sugar Free Jelly

Video Recipe: High Protein Sugar Free Jelly

sugar free jelly scr1.jpg

INGREDIENTS:

- 1 Packet of sugar free jelly
- 150ml boiling water

- 150ml cold water
- 30g Whey Protein

Macros per batch:

Calories: 150kcal
Protein: 30g
Carbs: 4g
Fats: 2g

Join our pages:
Facebook Page: www.facebook.com/CutAndJacked
Twitter Page: twitter.com/cutandjacked

Simon’s Pages:
Facebook Page: www.facebook.com/TheDietKitchen
Twitter Page: https://twitter.com/TheDietKitchen
Instagram https://instagram.com/TheDietKitchen

Posted 24 January 2014 by The Diet Kitchen

Video Recipe:


Healthy Pizza

A quick and easy video recipe for a Healthy Pizza

healthy pizza scr1.jpg

  • INGREDIENTS:

  • 30G REDUCED SUGAR KETCHUP
  • 15G TOMATO PUREE-BASIL
  • 80G LOW FAT CHEESE
  • ANY TOPPINGS YOU FANCY!

Stats

Macros per Pizza without olives or chicken:

Calories: 332kcal
Protein: 30g
Carbs: 29g
Fats: 10g
Fiber: 3g

Simon’s Channel: www.youtube.com/user/thedietkitchen

Pages

gmt banner_clean 1.jpg